Listening to loud music is a widespread phenomena among young adults often leading to hearing loss, tinnitus, and hyperacusis. Industrial regulations require hearing protection for noise levels greater than 85dB for employees, yet teenagers and young adults often listen to music at levels greater than 100dB. A recent study in Belgium found that 90% of university students experience transient tinnitus while 15% have permanent tinnitus. Hearing protection was used by only 11%, although when questioned, 50% had the intention of using hearing protection. This study of attitudes toward noise induced hearing loss found little awareness of the risks or little concern about the potential damage. Noise Induced Tinnitus (NIT) can be an early warning sign of Noise Induced Hearing Loss (NIHL). Pediatricians and Primary Care Physicians can participate in educating young adults of the risks of this health hazard.
Prevalence of Leisure Noise-Induced Tinnitus and the Attitude Toward Noise in University Students, Otology & Neurotology, 33:899-906, August 2012